FFmpeg
latmenc.c
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1 /*
2  * LATM/LOAS muxer
3  * Copyright (c) 2011 Kieran Kunhya <kieran@kunhya.com>
4  *
5  * This file is part of FFmpeg.
6  *
7  * FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
8  * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
9  * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
10  * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
11  *
12  * FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
13  * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
14  * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
15  * Lesser General Public License for more details.
16  *
17  * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
18  * License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
19  * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
20  */
21 
22 #include "libavcodec/get_bits.h"
23 #include "libavcodec/put_bits.h"
24 #include "libavcodec/avcodec.h"
25 #include "libavcodec/mpeg4audio.h"
26 #include "libavutil/opt.h"
27 #include "avformat.h"
28 #include "internal.h"
29 #include "rawenc.h"
30 
31 #define MAX_EXTRADATA_SIZE 1024
32 
33 typedef struct LATMContext {
35  int off;
38  int counter;
39  int mod;
40  uint8_t buffer[0x1fff + MAX_EXTRADATA_SIZE + 1024];
41 } LATMContext;
42 
43 static const AVOption options[] = {
44  {"smc-interval", "StreamMuxConfig interval.",
45  offsetof(LATMContext, mod), AV_OPT_TYPE_INT, {.i64 = 0x0014}, 0x0001, 0xffff, AV_OPT_FLAG_ENCODING_PARAM},
46  {NULL},
47 };
48 
49 static const AVClass latm_muxer_class = {
50  .class_name = "LATM/LOAS muxer",
51  .item_name = av_default_item_name,
52  .option = options,
53  .version = LIBAVUTIL_VERSION_INT,
54 };
55 
57 {
58  LATMContext *ctx = s->priv_data;
59  MPEG4AudioConfig m4ac;
60 
61  if (size > MAX_EXTRADATA_SIZE) {
62  av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Extradata is larger than currently supported.\n");
63  return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
64  }
65  ctx->off = avpriv_mpeg4audio_get_config2(&m4ac, buf, size, 1, s);
66  if (ctx->off < 0)
67  return ctx->off;
68 
69  if (ctx->object_type == AOT_ALS && (ctx->off & 7)) {
70  // as long as avpriv_mpeg4audio_get_config works correctly this is impossible
71  av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "BUG: ALS offset is not byte-aligned\n");
72  return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
73  }
74  /* FIXME: are any formats not allowed in LATM? */
75 
76  if (m4ac.object_type > AOT_SBR && m4ac.object_type != AOT_ALS) {
77  av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Muxing MPEG-4 AOT %d in LATM is not supported\n", m4ac.object_type);
78  return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
79  }
80  ctx->channel_conf = m4ac.chan_config;
81  ctx->object_type = m4ac.object_type;
82 
83  return 0;
84 }
85 
87 {
88  AVCodecParameters *par = s->streams[0]->codecpar;
89 
90  if (par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_AAC_LATM)
91  return 0;
92  if (par->codec_id != AV_CODEC_ID_AAC && par->codec_id != AV_CODEC_ID_MP4ALS) {
93  av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Only AAC, LATM and ALS are supported\n");
94  return AVERROR(EINVAL);
95  }
96 
97  if (par->extradata_size > 0 &&
99  return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
100 
101  return 0;
102 }
103 
104 static void copy_bits(PutBitContext *pb, const uint8_t *src, int length)
105 {
106  int words = length >> 4;
107  int bits = length & 15;
108  int i;
109  for (i = 0; i < words; i++)
110  put_bits(pb, 16, AV_RB16(src + 2 * i));
111  if (bits)
112  put_bits(pb, bits, AV_RB16(src + 2 * words) >> (16 - bits));
113 }
114 
116 {
117  LATMContext *ctx = s->priv_data;
118  AVCodecParameters *par = s->streams[0]->codecpar;
119  int header_size;
120 
121  /* AudioMuxElement */
122  put_bits(bs, 1, !!ctx->counter);
123 
124  if (!ctx->counter) {
125  /* StreamMuxConfig */
126  put_bits(bs, 1, 0); /* audioMuxVersion */
127  put_bits(bs, 1, 1); /* allStreamsSameTimeFraming */
128  put_bits(bs, 6, 0); /* numSubFrames */
129  put_bits(bs, 4, 0); /* numProgram */
130  put_bits(bs, 3, 0); /* numLayer */
131 
132  /* AudioSpecificConfig */
133  if (ctx->object_type == AOT_ALS) {
134  header_size = (par->extradata_size - (ctx->off >> 3)) * 8;
135  copy_bits(bs, &par->extradata[ctx->off >> 3], header_size);
136  } else {
137  // + 3 assumes not scalable and dependsOnCoreCoder == 0,
138  // see decode_ga_specific_config in libavcodec/aacdec.c
139  copy_bits(bs, par->extradata, ctx->off + 3);
140 
141  if (!ctx->channel_conf) {
142  GetBitContext gb;
143  int ret = init_get_bits8(&gb, par->extradata, par->extradata_size);
144  av_assert0(ret >= 0); // extradata size has been checked already, so this should not fail
145  skip_bits_long(&gb, ctx->off + 3);
146  ff_copy_pce_data(bs, &gb);
147  }
148  }
149 
150  put_bits(bs, 3, 0); /* frameLengthType */
151  put_bits(bs, 8, 0xff); /* latmBufferFullness */
152 
153  put_bits(bs, 1, 0); /* otherDataPresent */
154  put_bits(bs, 1, 0); /* crcCheckPresent */
155  }
156 
157  ctx->counter++;
158  ctx->counter %= ctx->mod;
159 }
160 
162 {
163  LATMContext *ctx = s->priv_data;
164  AVCodecParameters *par = s->streams[0]->codecpar;
165  AVIOContext *pb = s->pb;
166  PutBitContext bs;
167  int i, len;
168  uint8_t loas_header[] = "\x56\xe0\x00";
169 
170  if (par->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_AAC_LATM)
171  return ff_raw_write_packet(s, pkt);
172 
173  if (!par->extradata) {
174  if(pkt->size > 2 && pkt->data[0] == 0x56 && (pkt->data[1] >> 4) == 0xe &&
175  (AV_RB16(pkt->data + 1) & 0x1FFF) + 3 == pkt->size)
176  return ff_raw_write_packet(s, pkt);
177  else {
178  uint8_t *side_data;
179  buffer_size_t side_data_size;
180  int ret;
181 
183  &side_data_size);
184  if (side_data_size) {
185  if (latm_decode_extradata(s, side_data, side_data_size) < 0)
186  return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
187  ret = ff_alloc_extradata(par, side_data_size);
188  if (ret < 0)
189  return ret;
190  memcpy(par->extradata, side_data, side_data_size);
191  } else
192  return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
193  }
194  }
195 
196  if (pkt->size > 0x1fff)
197  goto too_large;
198 
199  init_put_bits(&bs, ctx->buffer, pkt->size+1024+MAX_EXTRADATA_SIZE);
200 
202 
203  /* PayloadLengthInfo() */
204  for (i = 0; i <= pkt->size-255; i+=255)
205  put_bits(&bs, 8, 255);
206 
207  put_bits(&bs, 8, pkt->size-i);
208 
209  /* The LATM payload is written unaligned */
210 
211  /* PayloadMux() */
212  if (pkt->size && (pkt->data[0] & 0xe1) == 0x81) {
213  // Convert byte-aligned DSE to non-aligned.
214  // Due to the input format encoding we know that
215  // it is naturally byte-aligned in the input stream,
216  // so there are no padding bits to account for.
217  // To avoid having to add padding bits and rearrange
218  // the whole stream we just remove the byte-align flag.
219  // This allows us to remux our FATE AAC samples into latm
220  // files that are still playable with minimal effort.
221  put_bits(&bs, 8, pkt->data[0] & 0xfe);
222  copy_bits(&bs, pkt->data + 1, 8*pkt->size - 8);
223  } else
224  copy_bits(&bs, pkt->data, 8*pkt->size);
225 
226  flush_put_bits(&bs);
227 
228  len = put_bytes_output(&bs);
229 
230  if (len > 0x1fff)
231  goto too_large;
232 
233  loas_header[1] |= (len >> 8) & 0x1f;
234  loas_header[2] |= len & 0xff;
235 
236  avio_write(pb, loas_header, 3);
237  avio_write(pb, ctx->buffer, len);
238 
239  return 0;
240 
241 too_large:
242  av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "LATM packet size larger than maximum size 0x1fff\n");
243  return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
244 }
245 
246 static int latm_check_bitstream(struct AVFormatContext *s, const AVPacket *pkt)
247 {
248  int ret = 1;
249  AVStream *st = s->streams[pkt->stream_index];
250 
251  if (st->codecpar->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_AAC) {
252  if (pkt->size > 2 && (AV_RB16(pkt->data) & 0xfff0) == 0xfff0)
253  ret = ff_stream_add_bitstream_filter(st, "aac_adtstoasc", NULL);
254  }
255 
256  return ret;
257 }
258 
260  .name = "latm",
261  .long_name = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("LOAS/LATM"),
262  .mime_type = "audio/MP4A-LATM",
263  .extensions = "latm,loas",
264  .priv_data_size = sizeof(LATMContext),
265  .audio_codec = AV_CODEC_ID_AAC,
266  .video_codec = AV_CODEC_ID_NONE,
269  .priv_class = &latm_muxer_class,
272 };
latm_check_bitstream
static int latm_check_bitstream(struct AVFormatContext *s, const AVPacket *pkt)
Definition: latmenc.c:246
skip_bits_long
static void skip_bits_long(GetBitContext *s, int n)
Skips the specified number of bits.
Definition: get_bits.h:291
AVCodecParameters::extradata
uint8_t * extradata
Extra binary data needed for initializing the decoder, codec-dependent.
Definition: codec_par.h:74
AVOutputFormat::name
const char * name
Definition: avformat.h:491
AVERROR
Filter the word “frame” indicates either a video frame or a group of audio as stored in an AVFrame structure Format for each input and each output the list of supported formats For video that means pixel format For audio that means channel sample they are references to shared objects When the negotiation mechanism computes the intersection of the formats supported at each end of a all references to both lists are replaced with a reference to the intersection And when a single format is eventually chosen for a link amongst the remaining all references to the list are updated That means that if a filter requires that its input and output have the same format amongst a supported all it has to do is use a reference to the same list of formats query_formats can leave some formats unset and return AVERROR(EAGAIN) to cause the negotiation mechanism toagain later. That can be used by filters with complex requirements to use the format negotiated on one link to set the formats supported on another. Frame references ownership and permissions
opt.h
av_packet_get_side_data
uint8_t * av_packet_get_side_data(const AVPacket *pkt, enum AVPacketSideDataType type, buffer_size_t *size)
Definition: avpacket.c:368
put_bytes_output
static int put_bytes_output(const PutBitContext *s)
Definition: put_bits.h:93
AVCodecParameters
This struct describes the properties of an encoded stream.
Definition: codec_par.h:52
latm_muxer_class
static const AVClass latm_muxer_class
Definition: latmenc.c:49
AVFMT_NOTIMESTAMPS
#define AVFMT_NOTIMESTAMPS
Format does not need / have any timestamps.
Definition: avformat.h:462
init_put_bits
static void init_put_bits(PutBitContext *s, uint8_t *buffer, int buffer_size)
Initialize the PutBitContext s.
Definition: put_bits.h:66
put_bits
static void put_bits(Jpeg2000EncoderContext *s, int val, int n)
put n times val bit
Definition: j2kenc.c:218
AVPacket::data
uint8_t * data
Definition: packet.h:369
AVOption
AVOption.
Definition: opt.h:248
MPEG4AudioConfig
Definition: mpeg4audio.h:33
LATMContext::av_class
AVClass * av_class
Definition: latmenc.c:34
mpeg4audio.h
GetBitContext
Definition: get_bits.h:61
pkt
AVPacket * pkt
Definition: movenc.c:59
AV_LOG_ERROR
#define AV_LOG_ERROR
Something went wrong and cannot losslessly be recovered.
Definition: log.h:194
init_get_bits8
static int init_get_bits8(GetBitContext *s, const uint8_t *buffer, int byte_size)
Initialize GetBitContext.
Definition: get_bits.h:677
avpriv_mpeg4audio_get_config2
int avpriv_mpeg4audio_get_config2(MPEG4AudioConfig *c, const uint8_t *buf, int size, int sync_extension, void *logctx)
Parse MPEG-4 systems extradata from a raw buffer to retrieve audio configuration.
Definition: mpeg4audio.c:190
s
#define s(width, name)
Definition: cbs_vp9.c:257
LATMContext::off
int off
Definition: latmenc.c:35
AV_OPT_FLAG_ENCODING_PARAM
#define AV_OPT_FLAG_ENCODING_PARAM
a generic parameter which can be set by the user for muxing or encoding
Definition: opt.h:278
buffer_size_t
int buffer_size_t
Definition: internal.h:306
bits
uint8_t bits
Definition: vp3data.h:141
av_assert0
#define av_assert0(cond)
assert() equivalent, that is always enabled.
Definition: avassert.h:37
ctx
AVFormatContext * ctx
Definition: movenc.c:48
ff_raw_write_packet
int ff_raw_write_packet(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
Definition: rawenc.c:29
get_bits.h
LATMContext::object_type
int object_type
Definition: latmenc.c:37
PutBitContext
Definition: put_bits.h:51
AVFormatContext
Format I/O context.
Definition: avformat.h:1231
internal.h
AVStream::codecpar
AVCodecParameters * codecpar
Codec parameters associated with this stream.
Definition: avformat.h:1038
LIBAVUTIL_VERSION_INT
#define LIBAVUTIL_VERSION_INT
Definition: version.h:85
AVClass
Describe the class of an AVClass context structure.
Definition: log.h:67
NULL
#define NULL
Definition: coverity.c:32
av_default_item_name
const char * av_default_item_name(void *ptr)
Return the context name.
Definition: log.c:235
ff_stream_add_bitstream_filter
int ff_stream_add_bitstream_filter(AVStream *st, const char *name, const char *args)
Add a bitstream filter to a stream.
Definition: utils.c:5630
src
#define src
Definition: vp8dsp.c:255
ff_copy_pce_data
static int ff_copy_pce_data(PutBitContext *pb, GetBitContext *gb)
Definition: mpeg4audio.h:146
AV_CODEC_ID_MP4ALS
@ AV_CODEC_ID_MP4ALS
Definition: codec_id.h:469
AVCodecParameters::extradata_size
int extradata_size
Size of the extradata content in bytes.
Definition: codec_par.h:78
AV_CODEC_ID_AAC
@ AV_CODEC_ID_AAC
Definition: codec_id.h:426
latm_decode_extradata
static int latm_decode_extradata(AVFormatContext *s, uint8_t *buf, int size)
Definition: latmenc.c:56
AVIOContext
Bytestream IO Context.
Definition: avio.h:161
AVPacket::size
int size
Definition: packet.h:370
NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL
#define NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL(x)
Return NULL if CONFIG_SMALL is true, otherwise the argument without modification.
Definition: internal.h:117
latm_write_packet
static int latm_write_packet(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
Definition: latmenc.c:161
size
int size
Definition: twinvq_data.h:10344
LATMContext::buffer
uint8_t buffer[0x1fff+MAX_EXTRADATA_SIZE+1024]
Definition: latmenc.c:40
avio_write
void avio_write(AVIOContext *s, const unsigned char *buf, int size)
Definition: aviobuf.c:225
LATMContext::counter
int counter
Definition: latmenc.c:38
latm_write_header
static int latm_write_header(AVFormatContext *s)
Definition: latmenc.c:86
rawenc.h
write_packet
static void write_packet(OutputFile *of, AVPacket *pkt, OutputStream *ost, int unqueue)
Definition: ffmpeg.c:729
LATMContext
Definition: aacdec.c:267
i
int i
Definition: input.c:407
LATMContext::mod
int mod
Definition: latmenc.c:39
AV_CODEC_ID_NONE
@ AV_CODEC_ID_NONE
Definition: codec_id.h:47
AVOutputFormat
Definition: avformat.h:490
MAX_EXTRADATA_SIZE
#define MAX_EXTRADATA_SIZE
Definition: latmenc.c:31
uint8_t
uint8_t
Definition: audio_convert.c:194
LATMContext::channel_conf
int channel_conf
Definition: latmenc.c:36
MPEG4AudioConfig::chan_config
int chan_config
Definition: mpeg4audio.h:37
len
int len
Definition: vorbis_enc_data.h:452
mod
static int mod(int a, int b)
Modulo operation with only positive remainders.
Definition: vf_v360.c:747
avcodec.h
ret
ret
Definition: filter_design.txt:187
AVStream
Stream structure.
Definition: avformat.h:873
copy_bits
static void copy_bits(PutBitContext *pb, const uint8_t *src, int length)
Definition: latmenc.c:104
AVClass::class_name
const char * class_name
The name of the class; usually it is the same name as the context structure type to which the AVClass...
Definition: log.h:72
avformat.h
MPEG4AudioConfig::object_type
int object_type
Definition: mpeg4audio.h:34
ff_latm_muxer
AVOutputFormat ff_latm_muxer
Definition: latmenc.c:259
AV_PKT_DATA_NEW_EXTRADATA
@ AV_PKT_DATA_NEW_EXTRADATA
The AV_PKT_DATA_NEW_EXTRADATA is used to notify the codec or the format that the extradata buffer was...
Definition: packet.h:55
AV_OPT_TYPE_INT
@ AV_OPT_TYPE_INT
Definition: opt.h:225
AOT_SBR
@ AOT_SBR
Y Spectral Band Replication.
Definition: mpeg4audio.h:94
latm_write_frame_header
static void latm_write_frame_header(AVFormatContext *s, PutBitContext *bs)
Definition: latmenc.c:115
AVPacket::stream_index
int stream_index
Definition: packet.h:371
flush_put_bits
static void flush_put_bits(PutBitContext *s)
Pad the end of the output stream with zeros.
Definition: put_bits.h:147
AOT_ALS
@ AOT_ALS
Y Audio LosslesS.
Definition: mpeg4audio.h:122
AVCodecParameters::codec_id
enum AVCodecID codec_id
Specific type of the encoded data (the codec used).
Definition: codec_par.h:60
AVPacket
This structure stores compressed data.
Definition: packet.h:346
flags
#define flags(name, subs,...)
Definition: cbs_av1.c:561
av_log
#define av_log(a,...)
Definition: tableprint_vlc.h:28
AV_CODEC_ID_AAC_LATM
@ AV_CODEC_ID_AAC_LATM
Definition: codec_id.h:473
AVERROR_INVALIDDATA
#define AVERROR_INVALIDDATA
Invalid data found when processing input.
Definition: error.h:59
write_header
static void write_header(FFV1Context *f)
Definition: ffv1enc.c:346
check_bitstream
static int check_bitstream(AVFormatContext *s, AVStream *st, AVPacket *pkt)
Definition: mux.c:1095
put_bits.h
options
static const AVOption options[]
Definition: latmenc.c:43
AV_RB16
uint64_t_TMPL AV_WL64 unsigned int_TMPL AV_WL32 unsigned int_TMPL AV_WL24 unsigned int_TMPL AV_WL16 uint64_t_TMPL AV_WB64 unsigned int_TMPL AV_WB32 unsigned int_TMPL AV_WB24 unsigned int_TMPL AV_RB16
Definition: bytestream.h:98
ff_alloc_extradata
int ff_alloc_extradata(AVCodecParameters *par, int size)
Allocate extradata with additional AV_INPUT_BUFFER_PADDING_SIZE at end which is always set to 0.
Definition: utils.c:3368