FFmpeg
vf_lumakey.c
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1 /*
2  * Copyright (c) 2017 Paul B Mahol
3  *
4  * This file is part of FFmpeg.
5  *
6  * FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
7  * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
8  * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
9  * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
10  *
11  * FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
12  * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
13  * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
14  * Lesser General Public License for more details.
15  *
16  * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
17  * License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
18  * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
19  */
20 
21 #include "libavutil/opt.h"
22 #include "libavutil/pixdesc.h"
23 #include "avfilter.h"
24 #include "internal.h"
25 #include "video.h"
26 
27 typedef struct LumakeyContext {
28  const AVClass *class;
29 
30  double threshold;
31  double tolerance;
32  double softness;
33 
34  int white;
35  int black;
36  int so;
37  int max;
38 
39  int (*do_lumakey_slice)(AVFilterContext *ctx, void *arg, int jobnr, int nb_jobs);
41 
42 static int do_lumakey_slice8(AVFilterContext *ctx, void *arg, int jobnr, int nb_jobs)
43 {
44  LumakeyContext *s = ctx->priv;
45  AVFrame *frame = arg;
46  const int slice_start = (frame->height * jobnr) / nb_jobs;
47  const int slice_end = (frame->height * (jobnr + 1)) / nb_jobs;
48  uint8_t *alpha = frame->data[3] + slice_start * frame->linesize[3];
49  const uint8_t *luma = frame->data[0] + slice_start * frame->linesize[0];
50  const int so = s->so;
51  const int w = s->white;
52  const int b = s->black;
53  int x, y;
54 
55  for (y = slice_start; y < slice_end; y++) {
56  for (x = 0; x < frame->width; x++) {
57  if (luma[x] >= b && luma[x] <= w) {
58  alpha[x] = 0;
59  } else if (luma[x] > b - so && luma[x] < w + so) {
60  if (luma[x] < b) {
61  alpha[x] = 255 - (luma[x] - b + so) * 255 / so;
62  } else {
63  alpha[x] = (luma[x] - w) * 255 / so;
64  }
65  }
66  }
67  luma += frame->linesize[0];
68  alpha += frame->linesize[3];
69  }
70 
71  return 0;
72 }
73 
74 static int do_lumakey_slice16(AVFilterContext *ctx, void *arg, int jobnr, int nb_jobs)
75 {
76  LumakeyContext *s = ctx->priv;
77  AVFrame *frame = arg;
78  const int slice_start = (frame->height * jobnr) / nb_jobs;
79  const int slice_end = (frame->height * (jobnr + 1)) / nb_jobs;
80  uint16_t *alpha = (uint16_t *)(frame->data[3] + slice_start * frame->linesize[3]);
81  const uint16_t *luma = (const uint16_t *)(frame->data[0] + slice_start * frame->linesize[0]);
82  const int so = s->so;
83  const int w = s->white;
84  const int b = s->black;
85  const int m = s->max;
86  int x, y;
87 
88  for (y = slice_start; y < slice_end; y++) {
89  for (x = 0; x < frame->width; x++) {
90  if (luma[x] >= b && luma[x] <= w) {
91  alpha[x] = 0;
92  } else if (luma[x] > b - so && luma[x] < w + so) {
93  if (luma[x] < b) {
94  alpha[x] = m - (luma[x] - b + so) * m / so;
95  } else {
96  alpha[x] = (luma[x] - w) * m / so;
97  }
98  }
99  }
100  luma += frame->linesize[0] / 2;
101  alpha += frame->linesize[3] / 2;
102  }
103 
104  return 0;
105 }
106 
108 {
110  AVFilterContext *ctx = inlink->dst;
111  LumakeyContext *s = ctx->priv;
112  int depth;
113 
114  depth = desc->comp[0].depth;
115  if (depth == 8) {
116  s->white = av_clip_uint8((s->threshold + s->tolerance) * 255);
117  s->black = av_clip_uint8((s->threshold - s->tolerance) * 255);
118  s->do_lumakey_slice = do_lumakey_slice8;
119  s->so = s->softness * 255;
120  } else {
121  s->max = (1 << depth) - 1;
122  s->white = av_clip((s->threshold + s->tolerance) * s->max, 0, s->max);
123  s->black = av_clip((s->threshold - s->tolerance) * s->max, 0, s->max);
124  s->do_lumakey_slice = do_lumakey_slice16;
125  s->so = s->softness * s->max;
126  }
127 
128  return 0;
129 }
130 
132 {
133  AVFilterContext *ctx = link->dst;
134  LumakeyContext *s = ctx->priv;
135  int ret;
136 
137  if (ret = ff_filter_execute(ctx, s->do_lumakey_slice, frame, NULL,
139  return ret;
140 
141  return ff_filter_frame(ctx->outputs[0], frame);
142 }
143 
144 static const enum AVPixelFormat pixel_fmts[] = {
151 };
152 
153 static int process_command(AVFilterContext *ctx, const char *cmd, const char *args,
154  char *res, int res_len, int flags)
155 {
156  int ret;
157 
158  ret = ff_filter_process_command(ctx, cmd, args, res, res_len, flags);
159  if (ret < 0)
160  return ret;
161 
162  return config_input(ctx->inputs[0]);
163 }
164 
165 static const AVFilterPad lumakey_inputs[] = {
166  {
167  .name = "default",
168  .type = AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO,
170  .filter_frame = filter_frame,
171  .config_props = config_input,
172  },
173 };
174 
175 #define OFFSET(x) offsetof(LumakeyContext, x)
176 #define FLAGS AV_OPT_FLAG_FILTERING_PARAM|AV_OPT_FLAG_VIDEO_PARAM|AV_OPT_FLAG_RUNTIME_PARAM
177 
178 static const AVOption lumakey_options[] = {
179  { "threshold", "set the threshold value", OFFSET(threshold), AV_OPT_TYPE_DOUBLE, {.dbl=0}, 0, 1, FLAGS },
180  { "tolerance", "set the tolerance value", OFFSET(tolerance), AV_OPT_TYPE_DOUBLE, {.dbl=0.01}, 0, 1, FLAGS },
181  { "softness", "set the softness value", OFFSET(softness), AV_OPT_TYPE_DOUBLE, {.dbl=0}, 0, 1, FLAGS },
182  { NULL }
183 };
184 
185 AVFILTER_DEFINE_CLASS(lumakey);
186 
188  .name = "lumakey",
189  .description = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("Turns a certain luma into transparency."),
190  .priv_size = sizeof(LumakeyContext),
191  .priv_class = &lumakey_class,
196  .process_command = process_command,
197 };
LumakeyContext::max
int max
Definition: vf_lumakey.c:37
AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA422P16
#define AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA422P16
Definition: pixfmt.h:522
AVPixelFormat
AVPixelFormat
Pixel format.
Definition: pixfmt.h:71
av_clip
#define av_clip
Definition: common.h:99
opt.h
do_lumakey_slice8
static int do_lumakey_slice8(AVFilterContext *ctx, void *arg, int jobnr, int nb_jobs)
Definition: vf_lumakey.c:42
ff_filter_frame
int ff_filter_frame(AVFilterLink *link, AVFrame *frame)
Send a frame of data to the next filter.
Definition: avfilter.c:1015
av_pix_fmt_desc_get
const AVPixFmtDescriptor * av_pix_fmt_desc_get(enum AVPixelFormat pix_fmt)
Definition: pixdesc.c:2965
FILTER_PIXFMTS_ARRAY
#define FILTER_PIXFMTS_ARRAY(array)
Definition: internal.h:162
LumakeyContext::so
int so
Definition: vf_lumakey.c:36
inlink
The exact code depends on how similar the blocks are and how related they are to the and needs to apply these operations to the correct inlink or outlink if there are several Macros are available to factor that when no extra processing is inlink
Definition: filter_design.txt:212
AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA422P9
#define AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA422P9
Definition: pixfmt.h:514
AVFrame
This structure describes decoded (raw) audio or video data.
Definition: frame.h:375
pixdesc.h
AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA420P16
#define AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA420P16
Definition: pixfmt.h:521
w
uint8_t w
Definition: llviddspenc.c:38
LumakeyContext::softness
double softness
Definition: vf_lumakey.c:32
AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA420P10
#define AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA420P10
Definition: pixfmt.h:516
AVOption
AVOption.
Definition: opt.h:346
b
#define b
Definition: input.c:41
filter_frame
static int filter_frame(AVFilterLink *link, AVFrame *frame)
Definition: vf_lumakey.c:131
LumakeyContext
Definition: vf_lumakey.c:27
AVFilter::name
const char * name
Filter name.
Definition: avfilter.h:170
video.h
AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA422P10
#define AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA422P10
Definition: pixfmt.h:517
AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA420P9
#define AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA420P9
Definition: pixfmt.h:513
AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA444P16
#define AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA444P16
Definition: pixfmt.h:523
AVFilterPad
A filter pad used for either input or output.
Definition: internal.h:33
ff_video_default_filterpad
const AVFilterPad ff_video_default_filterpad[1]
An AVFilterPad array whose only entry has name "default" and is of type AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO.
Definition: video.c:37
s
#define s(width, name)
Definition: cbs_vp9.c:198
AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA420P
@ AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA420P
planar YUV 4:2:0, 20bpp, (1 Cr & Cb sample per 2x2 Y & A samples)
Definition: pixfmt.h:108
AV_OPT_TYPE_DOUBLE
@ AV_OPT_TYPE_DOUBLE
Definition: opt.h:237
slice_end
static int slice_end(AVCodecContext *avctx, AVFrame *pict)
Handle slice ends.
Definition: mpeg12dec.c:1730
lumakey_inputs
static const AVFilterPad lumakey_inputs[]
Definition: vf_lumakey.c:165
AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA444P12
#define AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA444P12
Definition: pixfmt.h:520
ctx
AVFormatContext * ctx
Definition: movenc.c:49
FILTER_INPUTS
#define FILTER_INPUTS(array)
Definition: internal.h:182
LumakeyContext::black
int black
Definition: vf_lumakey.c:35
link
Filter the word “frame” indicates either a video frame or a group of audio as stored in an AVFrame structure Format for each input and each output the list of supported formats For video that means pixel format For audio that means channel sample they are references to shared objects When the negotiation mechanism computes the intersection of the formats supported at each end of a link
Definition: filter_design.txt:23
arg
const char * arg
Definition: jacosubdec.c:67
LumakeyContext::white
int white
Definition: vf_lumakey.c:34
AVClass
Describe the class of an AVClass context structure.
Definition: log.h:66
NULL
#define NULL
Definition: coverity.c:32
LumakeyContext::threshold
double threshold
Definition: vf_lumakey.c:30
LumakeyContext::do_lumakey_slice
int(* do_lumakey_slice)(AVFilterContext *ctx, void *arg, int jobnr, int nb_jobs)
Definition: vf_lumakey.c:39
OFFSET
#define OFFSET(x)
Definition: vf_lumakey.c:175
NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL
#define NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL(x)
Return NULL if CONFIG_SMALL is true, otherwise the argument without modification.
Definition: internal.h:94
do_lumakey_slice16
static int do_lumakey_slice16(AVFilterContext *ctx, void *arg, int jobnr, int nb_jobs)
Definition: vf_lumakey.c:74
ff_filter_process_command
int ff_filter_process_command(AVFilterContext *ctx, const char *cmd, const char *arg, char *res, int res_len, int flags)
Generic processing of user supplied commands that are set in the same way as the filter options.
Definition: avfilter.c:887
AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA444P
@ AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA444P
planar YUV 4:4:4 32bpp, (1 Cr & Cb sample per 1x1 Y & A samples)
Definition: pixfmt.h:174
AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA444P10
#define AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA444P10
Definition: pixfmt.h:518
internal.h
AVFILTER_FLAG_SUPPORT_TIMELINE_GENERIC
#define AVFILTER_FLAG_SUPPORT_TIMELINE_GENERIC
Some filters support a generic "enable" expression option that can be used to enable or disable a fil...
Definition: avfilter.h:147
LumakeyContext::tolerance
double tolerance
Definition: vf_lumakey.c:31
ff_filter_get_nb_threads
int ff_filter_get_nb_threads(AVFilterContext *ctx)
Get number of threads for current filter instance.
Definition: avfilter.c:827
FFMIN
#define FFMIN(a, b)
Definition: macros.h:49
AVFilterPad::name
const char * name
Pad name.
Definition: internal.h:39
ff_vf_lumakey
const AVFilter ff_vf_lumakey
Definition: vf_lumakey.c:187
pixel_fmts
static enum AVPixelFormat pixel_fmts[]
Definition: vf_lumakey.c:144
AVFilter
Filter definition.
Definition: avfilter.h:166
ret
ret
Definition: filter_design.txt:187
frame
these buffered frames must be flushed immediately if a new input produces new the filter must not call request_frame to get more It must just process the frame or queue it The task of requesting more frames is left to the filter s request_frame method or the application If a filter has several the filter must be ready for frames arriving randomly on any input any filter with several inputs will most likely require some kind of queuing mechanism It is perfectly acceptable to have a limited queue and to drop frames when the inputs are too unbalanced request_frame For filters that do not use the this method is called when a frame is wanted on an output For a it should directly call filter_frame on the corresponding output For a if there are queued frames already one of these frames should be pushed If the filter should request a frame on one of its repeatedly until at least one frame has been pushed Return or at least make progress towards producing a frame
Definition: filter_design.txt:264
AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA444P9
#define AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA444P9
Definition: pixfmt.h:515
config_input
static int config_input(AVFilterLink *inlink)
Definition: vf_lumakey.c:107
AV_PIX_FMT_NONE
@ AV_PIX_FMT_NONE
Definition: pixfmt.h:72
AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA422P12
#define AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA422P12
Definition: pixfmt.h:519
avfilter.h
slice_start
static int slice_start(SliceContext *sc, VVCContext *s, VVCFrameContext *fc, const CodedBitstreamUnit *unit, const int is_first_slice)
Definition: dec.c:688
lumakey_options
static const AVOption lumakey_options[]
Definition: vf_lumakey.c:178
av_clip_uint8
#define av_clip_uint8
Definition: common.h:105
AVFilterContext
An instance of a filter.
Definition: avfilter.h:407
AVFILTER_FLAG_SLICE_THREADS
#define AVFILTER_FLAG_SLICE_THREADS
The filter supports multithreading by splitting frames into multiple parts and processing them concur...
Definition: avfilter.h:117
desc
const char * desc
Definition: libsvtav1.c:75
AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO
@ AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO
Definition: avutil.h:201
AVPixFmtDescriptor
Descriptor that unambiguously describes how the bits of a pixel are stored in the up to 4 data planes...
Definition: pixdesc.h:69
alpha
static const int16_t alpha[]
Definition: ilbcdata.h:55
FILTER_OUTPUTS
#define FILTER_OUTPUTS(array)
Definition: internal.h:183
process_command
static int process_command(AVFilterContext *ctx, const char *cmd, const char *args, char *res, int res_len, int flags)
Definition: vf_lumakey.c:153
FLAGS
#define FLAGS
Definition: vf_lumakey.c:176
flags
#define flags(name, subs,...)
Definition: cbs_av1.c:474
ff_filter_execute
static av_always_inline int ff_filter_execute(AVFilterContext *ctx, avfilter_action_func *func, void *arg, int *ret, int nb_jobs)
Definition: internal.h:134
AVFILTER_DEFINE_CLASS
AVFILTER_DEFINE_CLASS(lumakey)
int
int
Definition: ffmpeg_filter.c:424
AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA422P
@ AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA422P
planar YUV 4:2:2 24bpp, (1 Cr & Cb sample per 2x1 Y & A samples)
Definition: pixfmt.h:173
AVFILTERPAD_FLAG_NEEDS_WRITABLE
#define AVFILTERPAD_FLAG_NEEDS_WRITABLE
The filter expects writable frames from its input link, duplicating data buffers if needed.
Definition: internal.h:52