FFmpeg
id3v2.h
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1 /*
2  * ID3v2 header parser
3  * Copyright (c) 2003 Fabrice Bellard
4  *
5  * This file is part of FFmpeg.
6  *
7  * FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
8  * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
9  * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
10  * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
11  *
12  * FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
13  * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
14  * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
15  * Lesser General Public License for more details.
16  *
17  * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
18  * License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
19  * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
20  */
21 
22 #ifndef AVFORMAT_ID3V2_H
23 #define AVFORMAT_ID3V2_H
24 
25 #include <stdint.h>
26 #include "avformat.h"
27 #include "internal.h"
28 #include "metadata.h"
29 
30 #define ID3v2_HEADER_SIZE 10
31 
32 /**
33  * Default magic bytes for ID3v2 header: "ID3"
34  */
35 #define ID3v2_DEFAULT_MAGIC "ID3"
36 
37 #define ID3v2_FLAG_DATALEN 0x0001
38 #define ID3v2_FLAG_UNSYNCH 0x0002
39 #define ID3v2_FLAG_ENCRYPTION 0x0004
40 #define ID3v2_FLAG_COMPRESSION 0x0008
41 
42 #define ID3v2_PRIV_METADATA_PREFIX "id3v2_priv."
43 
49 };
50 
51 typedef struct ID3v2EncContext {
52  int version; ///< ID3v2 minor version, either 3 or 4
53  int64_t size_pos; ///< offset of the tag total size
54  int len; ///< size of the tag written so far
56 
57 typedef struct ID3v2ExtraMetaGEOB {
58  uint32_t datasize;
59  uint8_t *mime_type;
60  uint8_t *file_name;
61  uint8_t *description;
62  uint8_t *data;
64 
65 typedef struct ID3v2ExtraMetaAPIC {
67  const char *type;
68  uint8_t *description;
69  enum AVCodecID id;
71 
72 typedef struct ID3v2ExtraMetaPRIV {
73  uint8_t *owner;
74  uint8_t *data;
75  uint32_t datasize;
77 
78 typedef struct ID3v2ExtraMetaCHAP {
79  uint8_t *element_id;
80  uint32_t start, end;
83 
84 typedef struct ID3v2ExtraMeta {
85  const char *tag;
87  union {
92  } data;
94 
95 /**
96  * Detect ID3v2 Header.
97  * @param buf must be ID3v2_HEADER_SIZE byte long
98  * @param magic magic bytes to identify the header.
99  * If in doubt, use ID3v2_DEFAULT_MAGIC.
100  */
101 int ff_id3v2_match(const uint8_t *buf, const char *magic);
102 
103 /**
104  * Get the length of an ID3v2 tag.
105  * @param buf must be ID3v2_HEADER_SIZE bytes long and point to the start of an
106  * already detected ID3v2 tag
107  */
108 int ff_id3v2_tag_len(const uint8_t *buf);
109 
110 /**
111  * Read an ID3v2 tag into specified dictionary and retrieve supported extra metadata.
112  *
113  * @param metadata Parsed metadata is stored here
114  * @param[out] extra_meta If not NULL, extra metadata is parsed into a list of
115  * ID3v2ExtraMeta structs and *extra_meta points to the head of the list
116  */
117 void ff_id3v2_read_dict(AVIOContext *pb, AVDictionary **metadata, const char *magic, ID3v2ExtraMeta **extra_meta);
118 
119 /**
120  * Read an ID3v2 tag, including supported extra metadata.
121  *
122  * Data is read from and stored to AVFormatContext.
123  *
124  * @param[out] extra_meta If not NULL, extra metadata is parsed into a list of
125  * ID3v2ExtraMeta structs and *extra_meta points to the head of the list
126  * @param[opt] max_search_search restrict ID3 magic number search (bytes from start)
127  */
128 void ff_id3v2_read(AVFormatContext *s, const char *magic, ID3v2ExtraMeta **extra_meta,
129  unsigned int max_search_size);
130 
131 /**
132  * Initialize an ID3v2 tag.
133  */
134 void ff_id3v2_start(ID3v2EncContext *id3, AVIOContext *pb, int id3v2_version,
135  const char *magic);
136 
137 /**
138  * Convert and write all global metadata from s into an ID3v2 tag.
139  */
141 
142 /**
143  * Write an attached picture from pkt into an ID3v2 tag.
144  */
146 
147 /**
148  * Finalize an opened ID3v2 tag.
149  */
150 void ff_id3v2_finish(ID3v2EncContext *id3, AVIOContext *pb, int padding_bytes);
151 
152 /**
153  * Write an ID3v2 tag containing all global metadata from s.
154  * @param id3v2_version Subversion of ID3v2; supported values are 3 and 4
155  * @param magic magic bytes to identify the header
156  * If in doubt, use ID3v2_DEFAULT_MAGIC.
157  */
158 int ff_id3v2_write_simple(struct AVFormatContext *s, int id3v2_version, const char *magic);
159 
160 /**
161  * Free memory allocated parsing special (non-text) metadata.
162  * @param extra_meta Pointer to a pointer to the head of a ID3v2ExtraMeta list, *extra_meta is set to NULL.
163  */
164 void ff_id3v2_free_extra_meta(ID3v2ExtraMeta **extra_meta);
165 
166 /**
167  * Create a stream for each APIC (attached picture) extracted from the
168  * ID3v2 header.
169  */
171 
172 /**
173  * Create chapters for all CHAP tags found in the ID3v2 header.
174  */
176 
177 /**
178  * Parse PRIV tags into a dictionary. The PRIV owner is the metadata key. The
179  * PRIV data is the value, with non-printable characters escaped.
180  */
182 
183 /**
184  * Add metadata for all PRIV tags in the ID3v2 header. The PRIV owner is the
185  * metadata key. The PRIV data is the value, with non-printable characters
186  * escaped.
187  */
189 
192 
193 /**
194  * A list of text information frames allowed in both ID3 v2.3 and v2.4
195  * http://www.id3.org/id3v2.4.0-frames
196  * http://www.id3.org/id3v2.4.0-changes
197  */
198 extern const char ff_id3v2_tags[][4];
199 
200 /**
201  * ID3v2.4-only text information frames.
202  */
203 extern const char ff_id3v2_4_tags[][4];
204 
205 /**
206  * ID3v2.3-only text information frames.
207  */
208 extern const char ff_id3v2_3_tags[][4];
209 
210 extern const CodecMime ff_id3v2_mime_tags[];
211 
212 extern const char * const ff_id3v2_picture_types[21];
213 
214 #endif /* AVFORMAT_ID3V2_H */
ff_id3v2_read
void ff_id3v2_read(AVFormatContext *s, const char *magic, ID3v2ExtraMeta **extra_meta, unsigned int max_search_size)
Read an ID3v2 tag, including supported extra metadata.
Definition: id3v2.c:1135
ID3v2ExtraMeta::geob
ID3v2ExtraMetaGEOB geob
Definition: id3v2.h:90
ID3v2EncContext
Definition: id3v2.h:51
ff_id3v2_4_metadata_conv
const AVMetadataConv ff_id3v2_4_metadata_conv[]
Definition: id3v2.c:64
ID3v2ExtraMeta::next
struct ID3v2ExtraMeta * next
Definition: id3v2.h:86
ff_id3v2_parse_apic
int ff_id3v2_parse_apic(AVFormatContext *s, ID3v2ExtraMeta *extra_meta)
Create a stream for each APIC (attached picture) extracted from the ID3v2 header.
Definition: id3v2.c:1157
ID3v2EncContext::len
int len
size of the tag written so far
Definition: id3v2.h:54
ff_id3v2_match
int ff_id3v2_match(const uint8_t *buf, const char *magic)
Detect ID3v2 Header.
Definition: id3v2.c:143
ID3v2EncContext::version
int version
ID3v2 minor version, either 3 or 4.
Definition: id3v2.h:52
AVMetadataConv
Definition: metadata.h:34
ID3v2ExtraMetaAPIC::id
enum AVCodecID id
Definition: id3v2.h:69
AVDictionary
Definition: dict.c:30
ff_id3v2_start
void ff_id3v2_start(ID3v2EncContext *id3, AVIOContext *pb, int id3v2_version, const char *magic)
Initialize an ID3v2 tag.
Definition: id3v2enc.c:205
ff_id3v2_read_dict
void ff_id3v2_read_dict(AVIOContext *pb, AVDictionary **metadata, const char *magic, ID3v2ExtraMeta **extra_meta)
Read an ID3v2 tag into specified dictionary and retrieve supported extra metadata.
Definition: id3v2.c:1129
ID3v2ExtraMetaGEOB
Definition: id3v2.h:57
ff_id3v2_free_extra_meta
void ff_id3v2_free_extra_meta(ID3v2ExtraMeta **extra_meta)
Free memory allocated parsing special (non-text) metadata.
Definition: id3v2.c:1141
CodecMime
Definition: internal.h:47
ff_id3v2_4_tags
const char ff_id3v2_4_tags[][4]
ID3v2.4-only text information frames.
Definition: id3v2.c:96
ID3v2ExtraMetaCHAP
Definition: id3v2.h:78
ID3v2ExtraMeta::apic
ID3v2ExtraMetaAPIC apic
Definition: id3v2.h:88
pkt
AVPacket * pkt
Definition: movenc.c:59
ID3v2ExtraMeta
Definition: id3v2.h:84
ID3v2_ENCODING_UTF8
@ ID3v2_ENCODING_UTF8
Definition: id3v2.h:48
ID3v2ExtraMetaCHAP::element_id
uint8_t * element_id
Definition: id3v2.h:79
s
#define s(width, name)
Definition: cbs_vp9.c:257
ff_id3v2_parse_priv_dict
int ff_id3v2_parse_priv_dict(AVDictionary **d, ID3v2ExtraMeta *extra_meta)
Parse PRIV tags into a dictionary.
Definition: id3v2.c:1213
ID3v2ExtraMetaAPIC::buf
AVBufferRef * buf
Definition: id3v2.h:66
ff_id3v2_write_metadata
int ff_id3v2_write_metadata(AVFormatContext *s, ID3v2EncContext *id3)
Convert and write all global metadata from s into an ID3v2 tag.
Definition: id3v2enc.c:330
ff_id3v2_mime_tags
const CodecMime ff_id3v2_mime_tags[]
Definition: id3v2.c:131
ID3v2ExtraMetaGEOB::datasize
uint32_t datasize
Definition: id3v2.h:58
ID3v2ExtraMeta::tag
const char * tag
Definition: id3v2.h:85
AVFormatContext
Format I/O context.
Definition: avformat.h:1106
internal.h
ID3v2Encoding
ID3v2Encoding
Definition: id3v2.h:44
ID3v2ExtraMetaPRIV::data
uint8_t * data
Definition: id3v2.h:74
ID3v2ExtraMetaGEOB::mime_type
uint8_t * mime_type
Definition: id3v2.h:59
ID3v2EncContext::size_pos
int64_t size_pos
offset of the tag total size
Definition: id3v2.h:53
ff_id3v2_34_metadata_conv
const AVMetadataConv ff_id3v2_34_metadata_conv[]
Definition: id3v2.c:45
AVCodecID
AVCodecID
Identify the syntax and semantics of the bitstream.
Definition: codec_id.h:46
ff_id3v2_write_apic
int ff_id3v2_write_apic(AVFormatContext *s, ID3v2EncContext *id3, AVPacket *pkt)
Write an attached picture from pkt into an ID3v2 tag.
Definition: id3v2enc.c:351
ID3v2ExtraMetaGEOB::file_name
uint8_t * file_name
Definition: id3v2.h:60
AVIOContext
Bytestream IO Context.
Definition: avio.h:161
ID3v2_ENCODING_UTF16BOM
@ ID3v2_ENCODING_UTF16BOM
Definition: id3v2.h:46
ID3v2ExtraMetaCHAP::start
uint32_t start
Definition: id3v2.h:80
ID3v2ExtraMetaAPIC
Definition: id3v2.h:65
ID3v2ExtraMeta::chap
ID3v2ExtraMetaCHAP chap
Definition: id3v2.h:89
ID3v2ExtraMetaPRIV::datasize
uint32_t datasize
Definition: id3v2.h:75
ID3v2_ENCODING_UTF16BE
@ ID3v2_ENCODING_UTF16BE
Definition: id3v2.h:47
metadata.h
ff_id3v2_parse_priv
int ff_id3v2_parse_priv(AVFormatContext *s, ID3v2ExtraMeta *extra_meta)
Add metadata for all PRIV tags in the ID3v2 header.
Definition: id3v2.c:1253
avformat.h
ID3v2ExtraMetaGEOB::description
uint8_t * description
Definition: id3v2.h:61
ID3v2ExtraMeta::data
union ID3v2ExtraMeta::@258 data
ID3v2ExtraMetaAPIC::type
const char * type
Definition: id3v2.h:67
ff_id3v2_picture_types
const char *const ff_id3v2_picture_types[21]
Definition: id3v2.c:107
ID3v2ExtraMetaGEOB::data
uint8_t * data
Definition: id3v2.h:62
ff_id3v2_finish
void ff_id3v2_finish(ID3v2EncContext *id3, AVIOContext *pb, int padding_bytes)
Finalize an opened ID3v2 tag.
Definition: id3v2enc.c:420
ff_id3v2_3_tags
const char ff_id3v2_3_tags[][4]
ID3v2.3-only text information frames.
Definition: id3v2.c:102
AVBufferRef
A reference to a data buffer.
Definition: buffer.h:84
ID3v2ExtraMetaCHAP::end
uint32_t end
Definition: id3v2.h:80
AVPacket
This structure stores compressed data.
Definition: packet.h:342
d
d
Definition: ffmpeg_filter.c:156
ff_id3v2_tags
const char ff_id3v2_tags[][4]
A list of text information frames allowed in both ID3 v2.3 and v2.4 http://www.id3....
Definition: id3v2.c:88
ff_id3v2_parse_chapters
int ff_id3v2_parse_chapters(AVFormatContext *s, ID3v2ExtraMeta *extra_meta)
Create chapters for all CHAP tags found in the ID3v2 header.
Definition: id3v2.c:1188
ID3v2ExtraMetaCHAP::meta
AVDictionary * meta
Definition: id3v2.h:81
ID3v2ExtraMetaPRIV
Definition: id3v2.h:72
ID3v2ExtraMetaPRIV::owner
uint8_t * owner
Definition: id3v2.h:73
ff_id3v2_tag_len
int ff_id3v2_tag_len(const uint8_t *buf)
Get the length of an ID3v2 tag.
Definition: id3v2.c:156
ff_id3v2_write_simple
int ff_id3v2_write_simple(struct AVFormatContext *s, int id3v2_version, const char *magic)
Write an ID3v2 tag containing all global metadata from s.
Definition: id3v2enc.c:444
ID3v2_ENCODING_ISO8859
@ ID3v2_ENCODING_ISO8859
Definition: id3v2.h:45
ID3v2ExtraMetaAPIC::description
uint8_t * description
Definition: id3v2.h:68
ID3v2ExtraMeta::priv
ID3v2ExtraMetaPRIV priv
Definition: id3v2.h:91