Platform Specific Information

Table of Contents

1 Unix-like

Some parts of FFmpeg cannot be built with version 2.15 of the GNU assembler which is still provided by a few AMD64 distributions. To make sure your compiler really uses the required version of gas after a binutils upgrade, run:

$(gcc -print-prog-name=as) --version

If not, then you should install a different compiler that has no hard-coded path to gas. In the worst case pass --disable-asm to configure.

1.1 Advanced linking configuration

If you compiled FFmpeg libraries statically and you want to use them to build your own shared library, you may need to force PIC support (with --enable-pic during FFmpeg configure) and add the following option to your project LDFLAGS:

-Wl,-Bsymbolic

If your target platform requires position independent binaries, you should pass the correct linking flag (e.g. -pie) to --extra-ldexeflags.

1.2 BSD

BSD make will not build FFmpeg, you need to install and use GNU Make (gmake).

1.3 (Open)Solaris

GNU Make is required to build FFmpeg, so you have to invoke (gmake), standard Solaris Make will not work. When building with a non-c99 front-end (gcc, generic suncc) add either --extra-libs=/usr/lib/values-xpg6.o or --extra-libs=/usr/lib/64/values-xpg6.o to the configure options since the libc is not c99-compliant by default. The probes performed by configure may raise an exception leading to the death of configure itself due to a bug in the system shell. Simply invoke a different shell such as bash directly to work around this:

bash ./configure

1.4 Darwin (Mac OS X, iPhone)

The toolchain provided with Xcode is sufficient to build the basic unacelerated code.

Mac OS X on PowerPC or ARM (iPhone) requires a preprocessor from https://github.com/FFmpeg/gas-preprocessor or https://github.com/yuvi/gas-preprocessor(currently outdated) to build the optimized assembly functions. Put the Perl script somewhere in your PATH, FFmpeg’s configure will pick it up automatically.

Mac OS X on amd64 and x86 requires yasm to build most of the optimized assembly functions. Fink, Gentoo Prefix, Homebrew or MacPorts can easily provide it.

2 DOS

Using a cross-compiler is preferred for various reasons. http://www.delorie.com/howto/djgpp/linux-x-djgpp.html

3 OS/2

For information about compiling FFmpeg on OS/2 see http://www.edm2.com/index.php/FFmpeg.

4 Windows

To get help and instructions for building FFmpeg under Windows, check out the FFmpeg Windows Help Forum at http://ffmpeg.zeranoe.com/forum/.

4.1 Native Windows compilation using MinGW or MinGW-w64

FFmpeg can be built to run natively on Windows using the MinGW or MinGW-w64 toolchains. Install the latest versions of MSYS and MinGW or MinGW-w64 from http://www.mingw.org/ or http://mingw-w64.sourceforge.net/. You can find detailed installation instructions in the download section and the FAQ.

Notes:

  • Building natively using MSYS can be sped up by disabling implicit rules in the Makefile by calling make -r instead of plain make. This speed up is close to non-existent for normal one-off builds and is only noticeable when running make for a second time (for example during make install).
  • In order to compile FFplay, you must have the MinGW development library of SDL and pkg-config installed.
  • By using ./configure --enable-shared when configuring FFmpeg, you can build the FFmpeg libraries (e.g. libavutil, libavcodec, libavformat) as DLLs.

4.2 Microsoft Visual C++ or Intel C++ Compiler for Windows

FFmpeg can be built with MSVC 2012 or earlier using a C99-to-C89 conversion utility and wrapper, or with MSVC 2013 and ICL natively.

You will need the following prerequisites:

To set up a proper environment in MSYS, you need to run msys.bat from the Visual Studio or Intel Compiler command prompt.

Place yasm.exe somewhere in your PATH. If using MSVC 2012 or earlier, place c99wrap.exe and c99conv.exe somewhere in your PATH as well.

Next, make sure any other headers and libs you want to use, such as zlib, are located in a spot that the compiler can see. Do so by modifying the LIB and INCLUDE environment variables to include the Windows-style paths to these directories. Alternatively, you can try and use the --extra-cflags/--extra-ldflags configure options. If using MSVC 2012 or earlier, place inttypes.h somewhere the compiler can see too.

Finally, run:

For MSVC:
./configure --toolchain=msvc

For ICL:
./configure --toolchain=icl

make
make install

If you wish to compile shared libraries, add --enable-shared to your configure options. Note that due to the way MSVC and ICL handle DLL imports and exports, you cannot compile static and shared libraries at the same time, and enabling shared libraries will automatically disable the static ones.

Notes:

  • It is possible that coreutils’ link.exe conflicts with MSVC’s linker. You can find out by running which link to see which link.exe you are using. If it is located at /bin/link.exe, then you have the wrong one in your PATH. Either move or remove that copy, or make sure MSVC’s link.exe takes precedence in your PATH over coreutils’.
  • If you wish to build with zlib support, you will have to grab a compatible zlib binary from somewhere, with an MSVC import lib, or if you wish to link statically, you can follow the instructions below to build a compatible zlib.lib with MSVC. Regardless of which method you use, you must still follow step 3, or compilation will fail.
    1. Grab the zlib sources.
    2. Edit win32/Makefile.msc so that it uses -MT instead of -MD, since this is how FFmpeg is built as well.
    3. Edit zconf.h and remove its inclusion of unistd.h. This gets erroneously included when building FFmpeg.
    4. Run nmake -f win32/Makefile.msc.
    5. Move zlib.lib, zconf.h, and zlib.h to somewhere MSVC can see.
  • FFmpeg has been tested with the following on i686 and x86_64:
    • Visual Studio 2010 Pro and Express
    • Visual Studio 2012 Pro and Express
    • Visual Studio 2013 Pro and Express
    • Intel Composer XE 2013
    • Intel Composer XE 2013 SP1

    Anything else is not officially supported.

4.2.1 Linking to FFmpeg with Microsoft Visual C++

If you plan to link with MSVC-built static libraries, you will need to make sure you have Runtime Library set to Multi-threaded (/MT) in your project’s settings.

You will need to define inline to something MSVC understands:

#define inline __inline

Also note, that as stated in Microsoft Visual C++, you will need an MSVC-compatible inttypes.h.

If you plan on using import libraries created by dlltool, you must set References to No (/OPT:NOREF) under the linker optimization settings, otherwise the resulting binaries will fail during runtime. This is not required when using import libraries generated by lib.exe. This issue is reported upstream at http://sourceware.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=12633.

To create import libraries that work with the /OPT:REF option (which is enabled by default in Release mode), follow these steps:

  1. Open the Visual Studio Command Prompt.

    Alternatively, in a normal command line prompt, call vcvars32.bat which sets up the environment variables for the Visual C++ tools (the standard location for this file is something like C:\Program Files (x86_\Microsoft Visual Studio 10.0\VC\bin\vcvars32.bat).

  2. Enter the bin directory where the created LIB and DLL files are stored.
  3. Generate new import libraries with lib.exe:
    lib /machine:i386 /def:..\lib\foo-version.def  /out:foo.lib
    

    Replace foo-version and foo with the respective library names.

4.3 Cross compilation for Windows with Linux

You must use the MinGW cross compilation tools available at http://www.mingw.org/.

Then configure FFmpeg with the following options:

./configure --target-os=mingw32 --cross-prefix=i386-mingw32msvc-

(you can change the cross-prefix according to the prefix chosen for the MinGW tools).

Then you can easily test FFmpeg with Wine.

4.4 Compilation under Cygwin

Please use Cygwin 1.7.x as the obsolete 1.5.x Cygwin versions lack llrint() in its C library.

Install your Cygwin with all the "Base" packages, plus the following "Devel" ones:

binutils, gcc4-core, make, git, mingw-runtime, texinfo

In order to run FATE you will also need the following "Utils" packages:

bc, diffutils

If you want to build FFmpeg with additional libraries, download Cygwin "Devel" packages for Ogg and Vorbis from any Cygwin packages repository:

libogg-devel, libvorbis-devel

These library packages are only available from Cygwin Ports:

yasm, libSDL-devel, libfaac-devel, libaacplus-devel, libgsm-devel, libmp3lame-devel,
libschroedinger1.0-devel, speex-devel, libtheora-devel, libxvidcore-devel

The recommendation for x264 is to build it from source, as it evolves too quickly for Cygwin Ports to be up to date.

4.5 Crosscompilation for Windows under Cygwin

With Cygwin you can create Windows binaries that do not need the cygwin1.dll.

Just install your Cygwin as explained before, plus these additional "Devel" packages:

gcc-mingw-core, mingw-runtime, mingw-zlib

and add some special flags to your configure invocation.

For a static build run

./configure --target-os=mingw32 --extra-cflags=-mno-cygwin --extra-libs=-mno-cygwin

and for a build with shared libraries

./configure --target-os=mingw32 --enable-shared --disable-static --extra-cflags=-mno-cygwin --extra-libs=-mno-cygwin

5 Plan 9

The native Plan 9 compiler does not implement all the C99 features needed by FFmpeg so the gcc port must be used. Furthermore, a few items missing from the C library and shell environment need to be fixed.

  • GNU awk, grep, make, and sed

    Working packages of these tools can be found at ports2plan9. They can be installed with 9front’s pkg utility by setting pkgpath to http://ports2plan9.googlecode.com/files/.

  • Missing/broken head and printf commands

    Replacements adequate for building FFmpeg can be found in the compat/plan9 directory. Place these somewhere they will be found by the shell. These are not full implementations of the commands and are not suitable for general use.

  • Missing C99 stdint.h and inttypes.h

    Replacement headers are available from http://code.google.com/p/plan9front/issues/detail?id=152.

  • Missing or non-standard library functions

    Some functions in the C library are missing or incomplete. The gcc-apelibs-1207 package from ports2plan9 includes an updated C library, but installing the full package gives unusable executables. Instead, keep the files from gccbin.tgz under /386/lib/gnu. From the libc.a archive in the gcc-apelibs-1207 package, extract the following object files and turn them into a library:

    • strerror.o
    • strtoll.o
    • snprintf.o
    • vsnprintf.o
    • vfprintf.o
    • _IO_getc.o
    • _IO_putc.o

    Use the --extra-libs option of configure to inform the build system of this library.

  • FPU exceptions enabled by default

    Unlike most other systems, Plan 9 enables FPU exceptions by default. These must be disabled before calling any FFmpeg functions. While the included tools will do this automatically, other users of the libraries must do it themselves.

This document was generated on December 20, 2014 using makeinfo.